Termite control systems typically come in four types, which are cultural, physical, biological, and chemical. Cultural control refers to the things we do and how they are done.
For example, staying in houses that sit up high, or living in areas where temperature prevents the termites from infestation. Have a peek at this article to find out more about pest control.
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Some may even keep animals that consume termites as pets. These are not very common methods as not everyone prefers living in a certain way although they can be very successful.
Physical control is the removal of termite food from the reach of termites.
Another thing that can be done is to use heat over 45 degrees Celsius or cold of subzero temperature to deal with these pests where they cannot thrive.
As it is difficult to get the fibrous materials at such temperature, people tend to opt for the earlier said method of placing barriers.
Biological control has had little success with termite control. What is done is that the termite's natural enemies are released to feed on them.
Among all the systems, chemical control would be the least desirable. As chemical control lead to poisoning of the soil, people are taking this option as the last resort.
Another method is the bait box technique, whereby toxins will be filled into the bait, and when a termite feed on it, they will carry it back with them to the colony, which will then infect the others. The spot treatment method is done for areas you are definite that termites are infesting on.